Pragmatic Thinking and Learning by Andrew Hunt
Hunt provides a good introduction to managing a brain: its pitfalls, debugging, process improvement. He does not cover food / drugs, which has changed in the last 20-30 years as much as behavioral economics (which he does include).
The only major issue I found was that Hunt's reading methodology (Survey, Question, Read, Recite, Review) emphasizes rote memorization, when they (and we) actually want understanding.
Similar to them, I scan the material for the rough distribution of content, then re-read with the scope in mind and questions like:
The most important part of reading is weeding. Bad knowledge pervades the world's reading material....